Roulette is a French word that means “Little Wheel,” and this game revolves around the central element of the wheel.
The roulette wheels is considered a symbol of chance and fortune in France, which has captivated gamblers and enthusiasts all around the world for centuries.
In this article, we will talk about the history, mechanics, and strategies of the roulette wheel that have evolved over the years.
History Of Roulette Wheels
It is a casino game that originated in France back in the 18th century.
The initial concept of the Roulette wheel was given by Blaise Pascal, a renowned French mathematician and inventor.
Pascal wanted to build a machine that worked in perpetual motion, which led to the invention of the Roulette Wheel.
That machine was very primitive and didn’t conceive a perpetual motion, but it led to the evolution of the modern Roulette Wheel.
The roulette wheel was first used for gambling purposes in Paris back in the 18th century.
The wheel pockets were numbered from 1 to 36 with two green pockets labeled “0” and “00” to give the edge to the house, and it continues to modern-day American roulette.
The modern roulette wheel has numbered pockets with alternating red and black colors.
Evolution of Roulette Wheels
The Roulette Wheel has evolved a lot over time. Early Roulette Wheels had a lot of variations in design.
Some countries featured a single Zero wheel, while others featured the double Zero wheel (American roulette).
With time, most of the casinos adopted double Zero to increase their edge.
European roulette uses a single Zero wheel to make it more favorable for players due to the lower house edge.
Single zero wheel is the standard in the whole world, except American Roulette.
Mechanics of Roulette Wheels
It is fundamental for both seasoned and beginners to learn and understand the mechanics of the Roulette Wheel.
A roulette wheel consists of 5 components, which are given below.
- The Wheel: The wheel is a circular disc with red and black colored numbered pockets except for the zero or double zero pockets, which are colored green. The wheel is placed horizontally and rotates.
- The Ball: A small plastic ball is used in the game, which is released on the spinning table in the opposite direction of the rotation of the wheel.
- The Bowl: The area where the wheel is set for the ball to be released. It is kept inclined so that the ball keeps moving around the edge of the wheel.
- The Frets: All 36 pockets on the wheel are divided by metal dividers called frets. Their main purpose is to slow down the ball’s speed and bounce the ball, which helps the ball to settle into a pocket.
- The Rotor: The spinning part of the wheel is called the rotor. It is the point where the ball is placed on the wheel to be in motion. It helps to create unpredictability on each spin.
How to play Roulette Wheel?
In the roulette wheel, the betting table is adjusted right next to the roulette wheels, where players sit and place their bets.
The betting table has a large display that shows all 36 pockets along with various betting options.
You can select any pocket you like to bet on. Also, you can place the amount of bet you want.
Various betting options that are displayed are the following:
1. Inside Bets: These bets are placed on numbers or a combination of numbers. Following are the types of inside bets.
- Straight bets: Betting on a single number.
- Split bet: Betting on two adjacent numbers.
- Corner Bets: Betting on four numbers that are present at the intersection of lines.
2. Outside Bets: Irrespective of inside bets, the outside bets are placed on grid numbers, which includes
- Betting on red or black based on winning pocket.
- Betting on odd or even based on the winning number.
- Betting on dozens, which includes 3 groups of 12 numbers based on the winning number.
Statistics of Roulette Wheel
Roulette Wheels is misconceived as a game of chance, but it’s not just like that. There is more to the roulette wheel than watching it with eye.
The roulette wheel works on statistics, and to learn and understand how to play the roulette wheel, every player needs to understand the statistics.
Three stats in the roulette wheel are given below.
1. House Edge:
In the roulette wheel, the house edge depends on the version of the roulette wheel being played.
- In European roulette, where there is a Single zero, the house edge is 2.70%.
- In American roulette, which is played with double zeroes, the house edge is 5.26%.
This percentage of the house edge indicates the amount of bet that the casino will retain from every bet placed on the roulette wheel: 2.70% from European roulette and 5.26% from American roulette
2. Betting Odds:
- Every bet that is made on the roulette wheel has its betting odds. Betting odds are different for different bets.
- Betting on a single number has the highest betting odds, with a 35 to 1 potential payout. But it has the least chance of winning.
- Betting on red and black colors has the betting odd of 1 to 1 payout, and it has 50% chances of winning and losing, respectively.
3. Probability of Outcomes
The probability of outcomes in the roulette wheel is directly related to no pockets on the roulette wheel.
In European roulette, there are 37 pockets, and if you select pocket no 1, the probability of winning is 1/37×100= 2.70%.
In American roulette, there are 38 pockets, and the probability of winning with the desired pocket is 1/38×100= 2.63%.
In conclusion, you have more chances of winning in European roulette rather than in American roulette.
Roulette Wheel Strategies to Win
To date, there has never been a surefire way to win the Roulette wheel.
Players over centuries have been making and introducing different strategies based on their experiences to increase their odds of winning.
Some of the famous strategies over the centuries are given below.
This strategy suggests that you double your bet after every loss. Keep in mind that your win will eventually make up for the losses and result in a profit.
The Paroli System:
Double your bet after every win and take advantage of the win streaks. This strategy is all about positive progression.
The D’Alembert System:
This strategy is very unique. It tells you that after each win, decrease your bet by one unit, and after each loss, increase your bet by one unit.
The Labouchere System:
This strategy is very complex. First, the player has to set a specific goal and then use a series of numbers in a sequence to determine their bet.
Each bet will be the sum of the first and last number of the sequence that you made, and when they win the numbers will be crosses of the list.
The Fibonacci System:
In this strategy, bets are placed based on the Fibonacci sequence to a specific sequence of numbers.
It is to remind you that these strategies do not guarantee a win rather, these are made by players based on their experience.
The roulette wheel is a game of chance and will remain as it is. Every spin will give you different results irrespective of previous outcomes.
Historical Moments in Roulette:
Roulette has had a lot of historical and memorable moments in the past that added intrigue and mystique to the game.
Many players made history and world records. Some of the historical moments that only happened once since the game was invented are given below.
1. Monte Carlo’s Infamous Spin:
In the late 19th century, the epitome of roulette wheel gambling was Monte Carlo.
The story is that in the casino he was playing in, the ball landed on black 26 times in a row, which is still a statistical anomaly.
It attracted the attraction of gamblers around the globe and is still remembered.
It never happened again and became a historic event in the roulette wheel world.
2. Joseph Jagger Exploits:
Joseph Jagger was an English engineer who was well known for bringing exploits into the world of gambling.
In the 19th century, he hired six clerks and told them to note down every bet and its outcome at Monte Carlo’s casino. The clerks gathered data for months and months.
After analyzing the whole data, he realized that the roulette wheel was biased toward some numbers.
He noted down those numbers and started betting on those specific pocket numbers, resulting him a lot of wins.
He made a lot of money and earned the nickname “The man who broke the bank at Monte Carlo.”
3. Charles Deville Wells’ Winning Streak:
A British gambler, Charles Deville, who headlined the whole gambling world in 1891 because of his incredible winning streak by playing at casino Monte Carlo.
He achieved the remarkable milestone of winning Stone by winning the wheel multiple times in a day.
No man that ever lived has a winning streak than that guy. He was also immortalized in a casino music hall song.
Role of Roulette Wheels in Modern Culture:
The roulette Wheels has always been represented as a symbol of risk, chance, unpredictability, excitement to take chances, and the allure of fortune.
The roulette wheel has been a topic of interest in movies, books, and songs.
The roulette wheel has been the topic of interest for authors and artists over the years; some of the examples are given below.
- Albert Einstein said, “You cannot beat a roulette Wheel unless you steal money from it.”
- Two singers even made songs on the roulette wheel; “Roulette by Bruce Springsteen” and “Russian Roulette by Rihanna.”
- In 1942, a movie was made based on the roulette wheel; its name was “Casablanca”. In this movie, Rick Blaine(actor) played a roulette Wheel and won it to save the life of a couple from Nazis.
Rich history, elegant design, unpredictable spins, and betting possibilities make the roulette wheels a source of excitement for gamblers worldwide.
Although the game is pure luck, still the game has mechanics, statistics, and strategies, which make it more interesting and provide equal chances of winning to both seasoned and young players.
It is a game where gamblers come to check their luck, embrace the uncertainty, and maybe find themselves on the winning side.
The roulette wheels is not just a game. It is a journey through culture, history, and the pursuit of the unpredictable that can happen at any second.